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Philodendron esmeraldense Care Guide
Soil that is well-drained and contains a large amount of organic matter is loved by Philodendron Esmeraldense. Never leave the soil too dry or sandy; always keep it moist.
You can add perlite and peat moss to your soil mixture to loosen it up. Keep the soil’s pH in the range of 5.5 (slightly acidic) to 6.9(neutral), as this is the optimum pH for Philodendron Esmeraldense.
Philodendron Esmeraldense loves slightly moist soil. Overly soggy soil is dangerous for this plant as it can cause the leaves to turn yellow.
During the summer season, water your plant thrice a week. Make sure to only water it moderately. However, during the winter season, you only need to water your plant once a week.
To know when exactly you must water your plant, just make sure that it is 90% dry before its next watering session.
Over-watering your plant can cause fungus in the plant, which can lead to the rotting of roots and dropping.
Philodendron Esmeraldense is not fond of high-intensity light. It can survive under direct sunlight, but if the light is too intense, then it can harm your plant.
For lighting, keep your Philodendron Esmeraldense under indirect sunlight by placing it by a window. Not providing enough sunlight to your plant can cause the stems and leaves to elongate, making them weaker, and anything can easily damage them.
Under low light, your Philodendron Esmeraldense will also become susceptible to disease, and the flowers won’t bloom properly. Too much light can cause the leaves to turn yellow or slightly red, and the leaf’s appearance also starts to look contorted.
Remember, too much direct sunlight can cause your plant to burn; thus, it is best to completely avoid direct sunlight.
Philodendron Esmeraldense responds best to a temperature that lies between the range of 60ᵒF to 85ᵒF (16ᵒC – 29ᵒC). Cooler temperature can cause the leaves to drop or damage them if exposed for too long.
Philodendron Esmeraldense loves to be surrounded by high humidity levels. This can range from 70 to 80%, and it doesn’t matter whether it’s outdoors or indoors.
The humidity you provide for your plant should be a combination of warm and damp and not cold and damp.
Having a cold and damp environment can be harmful to your plant; this is because excess moisture is an invitation to fungus and other diseases.
During spring and fall, you can easily achieve the perfect humidity levels for Philodendron Esmeraldense.
In summer, lack of moisture can reduce humidity levels around the plant; this is why during the hottest part of the day, you should mist your plant and provide it with an adequate amount of water.
You can also place a tray of pebbles that is filled with water to help regulate the moisture levels around the plant.
Remember to regularly check the water levels in the pebble tray because there is no way for humidity to rise if there is no more water available.
The hardest part of growing Philodendron Esmeraldense is maintaining the humidity levels since most other plants prefer a much drier environment.
Fertilizer is a big part of Philodendron Esmeraldense’s growth, as a lack of nutrition can cause its growth to slow down. Not fertilizing your Philodendron Esmeraldense can also cause underdevelopment and an unhealthy plant.
You can use any houseplant fertilizer and follow the given instructions on the packet. Remember to fertilize your Philodendron Esmeraldense every month during its growing season.
However, do not over-fertilize your plant and fertilize it only once in three months during the winter and fall season. But if you tend to use a slow-release fertilizer, then just use it thrice a year.
To make sure that your Philodendron Esmeraldense does not become root bound, you need to shift it to a new pot that is slightly larger than the one used before.
Philodendron Esmeraldense tends to slow down its growth if it is close to being root-bound.
Repotting your plant has several benefits such as good growth stimulation and a healthier/greener looking plant.
Make sure that when you repot your plant, it has proper drainage holes in it so that it can have properly drained soil.
Philodendron Esmeraldense does not need a lot of pruning, but if you wish to keep a certain esthetic for the plant, then you can cut off some leaves and stems.
In order to prune your Philodendron Esmeraldense, follow these steps:
- Before you start to prune, sanitize your equipment. Clean your shears or gardening scissors with rubbing alcohol.
- Wash your hand thoroughly to prevent the spread of pests and diseases.
- Pinch back, or you can cut off the stem tips after you see new growth during the spring season, do this when the tips are 3 to 6 inches long.
Philodendron Esmeraldense can be propagated in the spring season because this is when they come out of their dormant phase. You can easily propagate Philodendron Esmeraldense in water and soil in two ways: stem cutting and tip cutting.
The first thing you will have to do for both processes is sanitize your equipment. If you do not do this step, there are chances of your spreading germs and thus causing infection. Remember to wear protective clothing as you, too, can get hurt in this process.
If you are going to propagate your plant through stem cutting, then cut off about two to three inches of the stem; use a sharp knife, gardening scissors, or shears to do this.
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